header logo

Toothpaste

Posted: Feb, 13, 2023
Toothpaste

Toothpaste: It's something most people use every day, but rarely give much thought to — except, perhaps, when choosing from among the dozens of brands that line the drugstore shelf. Is there any difference between them? What's toothpaste made of… and does it really do what it promises on the box? To answer those questions, let's take a closer look inside the tube.

The soft, slightly grainy paste that you squeeze on your brush is the latest in a long line of tooth-cleaning substances whose first recorded use was around the time of the ancient Egyptians. Those early mixtures had ingredients like crushed bones, pumice and ashes — but you won't find that any more. Modern toothpastes have evolved into an effective means of cleaning teeth and preventing decay. Today, most have a similar set of active ingredients, including:

  • Abrasives, which help remove surface deposits and stains from teeth, and make the mechanical action of brushing more effective. They typically include gentle cleaning and polishing agents like hydrated silica or alumina, calcium carbonate or dicalcium phosphate.
  • Detergents, such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which produce the bubbly foam you may notice when brushing vigorously. They help to break up and dissolve substances that would normally be hard to wash away, just like they do in the laundry — but with far milder ingredients.
  • Fluoride, the vital tooth-protective ingredient in toothpaste. Whether it shows up as sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride or sodium monofluorophosphate (MFP), fluoride has been conclusively proven to help strengthen tooth enamel and prevent decay.

Besides their active ingredients, most toothpastes also contain preservatives, binders, and flavorings — without which they would tend to dry out, separate… or taste awful. In addition, some specialty toothpastes have additional ingredients for therapeutic purposes.

  • Whitening toothpastes generally contain special abrasives or enzymes designed to help remove stains on the tooth's surfaces. Whether or not they will work for you depends on why your teeth aren't white in the first place: If it's an extrinsic (surface) stain, they can be effective; however, they probably won't help with intrinsic (internal) discoloration, which may require a professional whitening treatment.
  • Toothpastes for sensitive teeth often include ingredients like potassium nitrate or strontium chloride, which can block sensations of pain. Teeth may become sensitive when dentin (the material within the tooth, which is normally covered by enamel, or by the gums) becomes exposed in the mouth. These ingredients can make brushing less painful, but it may take a few weeks until you really notice their effects.

What's the best way to choose a toothpaste? The main thing you should look for is the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance on the label. It means that the toothpaste contains fluoride — and that the manufacturer's other claims have been independently tested and verified.

But once you've chosen your favorite, keep this bit of dental wisdom in mind: It's not the brush (or the paste) that keeps your mouth healthy — it's the hand that holds it. Don't forget that regular brushing is one of the best ways to prevent tooth decay and maintain good oral hygiene.

Dr Nallapaneni

Dr. Nallapaneni

Dr. Nallapaneni, a Clinton Township dentist, prioritizes skill and compassion in patient care, staying updated with dentistry advancements. He values the trust of his patients, aiming for personalized care.

He obtained his DDS from the University of Illinois at Chicago and, after practicing in Illinois and Michigan, established his practice in Mount Clemens. Dedicated to ongoing education, he attends numerous dental seminars annually.

Dr. Nallapaneni is an active member of the Macomb Dental Society, Michigan Dental Association, Academy of General Dentistry, and American Dental Association, maintaining his commitment to professional excellence.

Visit our office

Schedule your appointment. We are always available to serve you. Please call our office for assistance.
Monday         :   10:00 AM-7:00 PM
Tuesday         :   8:00 AM-6:00 PM
Wednesday   :   8:00 AM-6:00 PM
Thursday        :   8:00 AM-6:00 PM
Friday              :   Appointment Only
Saturday        :    8:00 AM–1:00 PM (Every Other Saturday)
Book An Appointment
Footer Logo
At Riverside Family Dental, our mission is to help residents of Clinton Township, Mount Clemens, Chesterfield, Harrison Township, and Roosevelt attain their ideal smiles. We do this with a gentle touch and a friendly, patient-centered approach to dentistry. Our team of dentist in Clinton Township, MI, is dedicated to not only meeting your dental needs but also going above and beyond to surpass your expectations. Your dream smile is our goal.
phone-handsetcalendar-fullchevron-down linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram Skip to content